Perception of cost-consciousness among medical students: an 11-item scale

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DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17267/2594-7907ijhe.v2i1.1968

Keywords:

Medical education. Validation studies. Professionalism. Cost-effectivity.

Abstract

Introduction: Managing healthcare resources in a cost-conscious way is an important topic in medical education.  A validated instrument to measure the perception of cost-conscious attitudes of medical students could be an important tool for university staff to understanding them and to plan and evaluate educational interventions to address them. Objectives: To validate a scale to measure the perception of cost-conscious attitudes among medical students. Method: Thirteen items from a survey to measure cost-conscious attitudes in medical students were used. Semantic validation and psychometric analysis (exploratory factor analysis, Cronbach alpha, and composite reliability test) were carried out. Results: A sample of 275 participants, of which 62% were female, with an average age of 25±3.1 years, completed the questionnaire. The best structure to measure the perceptions is the one-factor solution, with 11 of the 13 items remaining in the final version. Substantial Cronbach's alpha for this questionnaire was obtained 0.66 and composite reliability was 0.77. Conclusion: The results suggest that the questionnaire has a satisfactory psychometric quality and is therefore able to measure the perception of medical students about cost-conscious attitudes.

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Author Biographies

  • Marilia Menezes Gusmao, Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health
    Postgraduate programme of health technology
  • Marta Silva Menezes, Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health
    Postgraduate programme of health technology
  • Carolina Villa Nova Aguiar, Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health
    Postgraduate programme of health technology
  • Liliane Lins, School of Medicine, Federal University of Bahia
    Department of preventive and social medicine
  • Ana Marice Ladeia, Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health
    Postgraduate programme of human health
  • Luis Cláudio Correia, Bahiana School of Medicine and Public Health
    Postgraduate programme of human health

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Published

09/10/2018

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Section

Original Articles

How to Cite

1.
Menezes Gusmao M, Silva Menezes M, Villa Nova Aguiar C, Lins L, Ladeia AM, Correia LC. Perception of cost-consciousness among medical students: an 11-item scale. Intern J Educ H [Internet]. 2018 Sep. 10 [cited 2024 Jul. 25];2(1):66-72. Available from: https://journals.bahiana.edu.br/index.php/educacao/article/view/1968

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