Efeito do taping no Tendão de Aquiles nos parâmetros da marcha em indivíduos assintomáticos obesos e acima do peso

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17267/2238-2704rpf.2023.e5184

Palavras-chave:

Tendão de Aquiles, Adulto, Índice de Massa Corporal, Obesidade, Sobrepeso

Resumo

INTRODUÇÃO: Sobrepeso e obesidade afetam variáveis de marcha tais como cadência, comprimento do degrau e comprimento dos passos junto com a deterioração do tendão de Aquiles. A rígida rosca do tendão de Aquiles reduz a tensão e aumenta a estabilidade da articulação e pode ser empregada como suporte externo durante o treinamento da marcha para modificar os parâmetros da marcha. OBJETIVO: Descobrir se o taping modifica os padrões de marcha com o aumento do peso. MÉTODOS E MATERIAIS: Foram recrutados 40 sujeitos (20 acima do peso e 20 obesos) cujo comprimento dos degraus, comprimento dos passos e cadência foram medidos antes e depois da fita rígida do tendão de Aquiles. Cada pessoa completou o teste de caminhada de 10 metros usando o aplicativo Gait Analyzer. RESULTADOS: O teste Shapiro-Wilk é usado para avaliar a normalidade dos dados. O Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test e o Mann-Whitney U Test são usados para diferenças dentro e entre grupos. As diferenças dentro do grupo foram significativas nos parâmetros de marcha p<0,05 (Passo comprimento p<0,001, Stride comprimento p<0,001 e cadência p=0,009). Os parâmetros de marcha não diferiram estatisticamente entre os grupos. CONCLUSÃO: A aplicação de fita rígida no tendão de Aquiles tem um efeito semelhante nos parâmetros da marcha em indivíduos com excesso de peso e obesos. Após a aplicação da fita adesiva, verificou-se uma diferença significativa em termos de comprimento da passada, comprimento do passo e cadência na população estudada antes e depois da aplicação da fita adesiva para Aquiles. Isto implica que, independentemente do peso corporal, a intervenção com fita adesiva afeta a mecânica da marcha de forma comparável e destina-se a evitar movimentos articulares excessivos, a fornecer informações proprioceptivas durante as atividades e a diminuir o desconforto.

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Publicado

21.11.2023

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1.
Shrestha A, Goyal K, Goyal M. Efeito do taping no Tendão de Aquiles nos parâmetros da marcha em indivíduos assintomáticos obesos e acima do peso. Rev Pesq Fisio [Internet]. 21º de novembro de 2023 [citado 15º de julho de 2024];13:e5184. Disponível em: https://journals.bahiana.edu.br/index.php/fisioterapia/article/view/5184

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